Funder: National Science Foundation
Program: Electrochemical Systems
Summary: The Electrochemical Systems program is part of the Chemical Process Systems cluster, which includes also 1) Catalysis; 2) Molecular Separations; and 3) Process Systems, Reaction Engineering, and Molecular Thermodynamics. The goal of the Electrochemical Systems program is to support fundamental engineering research that will enable innovative processes involving electro- or photochemistry for the sustainable production of electricity, fuels, and chemicals. Processes for sustainable energy and chemical production must be scalable, environmentally benign, reduce greenhouse gas production, and utilize renewable resources. Research projects that stress fundamental understanding of phenomena that directly impact key barriers to improved system or component-level performance (e.g., energy efficiency, product yield, process intensification) are encouraged. Processes for energy storage should address fundamental research barriers for the applications of renewable electricity storage or for transport propulsion. For projects involving energy storage materials, proposals should involve hypotheses that involve device or component performance characteristics that are tied to fundamental understanding of transport, kinetics, or thermodynamics. Advanced chemistries are encouraged. Proposed research should be inspired by the need for economic and impactful conversion processes. All proposal project descriptions should address how the proposed work, if successful, will improve process realization and economic feasibility and compare the proposed work against current state-of-the-art. Highly integrated multidisciplinary projects are encouraged. Current topics of interest include: Electrochemical Energy and Chemical Production Systems Radically new battery systems can move the U.S. more rapidly toward a more sustainable transportation future. The focus is on high-energy density and high-power density batteries suitable for transportation and renewable energy storage applications. Advanced systems such as lithium-air, sodium-ion, as well as lithium-ion electrochemical energy storage are appropriate. Work on commercially available systems such as lead-acid and nickel-metal hydride batteries will not be considered by this program. Advanced fuel cell systems with advanced components for propulsion for transportation are considered. Novel systems with non-commercial components are appropriate. Flow batteries for energy storage applications are appropriate. Photocatalytic or photoelectrochemical processes for the splitting of water into H2 gas or for the reduction of CO2 to liquid or gaseous fuels are appropriate. If the innovation is fundamental understanding of the catalyst site, then the CBET Catalysis program would be more appropriate (CBET-1401). Novel electrochemical systems for the production of chemicals are considered. Emphasis is placed on those systems that improve process intensification and process modularization. Emphasis of all projects is placed on fundamental molecular-level understanding of the key chemical reaction and transport phenomena barriers to improved system level performance. Organic Photovoltaics Devices and Processing Low-cost, environmentally benign organic photovoltaic (PV) solar electricity projects are considered. The program emphasis is for fundamental research on innovative processes for the fabrication and theory-based characterization of future organic PV devices (OPVs). Devices of interest include polymer and small molecule organic photovoltaics for electricity generation. Inorganic or hybrid perovskite-based PV chemistries are not considered by this program.
Estimated funds: $13,093,000
Award ceiling: $150,000
Deadline: October 22, 2018
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